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Bitcoin network power demand

updated every 24 hours

Theoretical lower bound

4.65

GW
40.74
TWh

Estimated

12.80

GW
Annualised
consumption
112.18
TWh

Theoretical upper bound

47.97

GW
420.53
TWh
Note: a 7-day moving average is applied to reduce the effect of short-term hashrate volatility. The model begins on July 18th 2010 due to a lack of available price data for the prior period.
Note: monthly consumption figures are the sum of daily consumption figures calculated by assuming constant power usage over 24 hours at the daily best-guess estimate of Bitcoin’s network power demand. The cumulative consumption is the sum of monthly totals since the start of the model on July 18th 2010. A separate analysis that ignores profitability considerations suggests that the cumulative consumption for the period between January 2009 and July 2010 has only amounted to 4.74 megawatt-hours (MWh), or 0.00000474 TWh – a mere rounding error. It is therefore safe to assume that the cumulative consumption figure listed above provides a robust estimate of Bitcoin’s total consumption since its inception in 2009.